Colleges and Institutes Canada is celebrating Canada’s 150th anniversary!

2017 is going to be a great year.

Canadians all across the country will be celebrating, and CICan will be showcasing college and institute contributions to Canadian society.

The celebrations are fast approaching! Subscribe to Perspectives for updates of what’s to come:

1818

Université de Saint-Boniface

George Brown – journalist, politician, future Father of Confederation, and namesake of Toronto’s George Brown College – is born on November 29.

The Convention of 1818 establishes the 49th parallel as part of the border between Canada – then British North America – and the United States.

The first official Royal St John’s Regatta – thought to be the oldest continuing sporting event in North America – takes place in St John’s, Newfoundland.

1818

1847

Cégep de Saint-Laurent

Governor General of the Province of Canada, Lord Elgin, arrives in North America with the task of establishing responsible government.

The first large-scale telegraph company in Canada, The Montreal Telegraph Company, is founded.

1847

1890

Université Sainte-Anne

The Province of Manitoba eliminates funding of Catholic schools, leading to future controversy over the Manitoba Schools Question.

Isaac Shupe of Newmarket, Ontario revolutionizes washing devices with the invention of spring-loaded valve that releases soap.

Quebec Strongman Louis Cyr becomes known as the world’s strongest man.

1890

1905

Dalhousie Agricultural Campus of Dalhousie University

The provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan join Confederation.

Lucy Maud Montgomery writes Anne of Green Gables, but it is rejected by publishers. It would not be published until 1908.

1905

1913

Lakeland College
Olds College

The National Transcontinental Railway opens for travel between Winnipeg and Moncton.

Laura Secord is founded and opens its first store in Toronto.

The Canadian Arctic Expedition, lead by Vilhjalmur Stefansson, ventures into the arctic with the hope of discovering new land beyond Canada’s arctic islands.

1913

1916

SAIT Polytechnic

Fire breaks out on Parliament Hill, destroying the Centre Block and taking the lives of seven people.

In January, women in Manitoba become the first in Canada to win the right to vote. Saskatchewan and Alberta follow suit later the same year.

Prohibition of alcohol is introduced in Manitoba, Alberta, and Ontario.

1916

1917

Collège Mathieu

Canadian soldiers fight at Vimy Ridge in a battle that would become symbolic of Canada’s nationhood.

Women’s rights activist, Louise McKinney, becomes the first woman elected to a legislature in Canada and in the British Commonwealth.

The NHL is established in Montreal. The Montreal Wanderers win 10-9 over the Toronto Arenas in the league’s first game.

1917

1925

Emily Carr University of Art and Design

Early Canadian environmentalist Archibald Belaney, known commonly as Grey Owl, dedicates himself to conservation efforts and the protection of the beaver.

A change in federal divorce legislation grants women the right to divorce on the same grounds allowed to men.

A team lead by Albert MacCarthy climbs Mount Logan, Canada’s highest peak.

1925

1926

Albert College of Art and Design

The Balfour Report declares constitutional equality of Britain and its Dominions, confirming Canada as a fully independent country, tied to Britain through the Commonwealth.

The RCMP establishes a post office on Ellesmere Island, delivering mail only once a year, as a symbol of Canadian sovereignty over the arctic.

Old Age Pension is first introduced in Canada.

1926

1927

Collège André-Grasset

The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London settles the boundary dispute between Quebec and Labrador in Newfoundland’s favour.

Paintings by Emily Carr are exhibited at the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, bringing her out of relative obscurity.

Radio stations broadcast Ottawa’s celebrations of Canada’s 60th anniversary nationwide in the first cross-country radio broadcast.

1927

1929

Collège de Maisonneuve

International tensions result from the sinking of Canadian rum runner, the I’m Alone, returning from Belize with contraband alcohol, by the United States Coast Guard.

The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council rules in the Persons Case that women are eligible to become senators.

Canadian biologist and academic Archibald Huntsman invents the fast-frozen fish fillet and introduces it with great success on the Toronto market.

1929

1930

Mérici Collège Privé

Norway recognizes Canadian sovereignty and relinquishes its claim to the Sverdrup Islands in present-day Nunavut.

Cairine Wilson is appointed Canada’s first female senator.

J. Errol Boyd becomes the first Canadian to fly non-stop across the Atlantic – leaving from Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, and landing in the Isles of Scilly, England.

1930

1938

New Brunswick College of Craft and Design

The Bank of Canada is designated a federal Crown corporation.

In a Toronto factory, Thomas Carroll builds the first model of the self-propelled combine, revolutionizing wheat farming in Canada.

Superman, co-created by former Toronto Star paperboy Joe Shuster, first appears in Action Comics no. 1.

1938

1941

Saskatchewan Polytechnic

Canadian troops are sent to Hong Kong to help defend the British colony against Japanese invasion.

Quebec becomes the last province to allow women to practice law.

The g-suit is developed by Canadian scientist Wilbur R. Franks in Toronto to prevent black-outs among aviators subject to high levels of acceleration (g) force.

1941

1950

Red River College of Applied Arts, Science and Technology

The first Canadian troops join United Nations forces in Korea.

Inuit are officially granted the right to vote in federal elections.

Park Royal Shopping Centre in West Vancouver opens as Canada’s first suburban shopping mall.

1950

1954

Collège de Rosemont

Hurricane Hazel hits the Toronto region, with devastating effects.

Marilyn Bell becomes the first person to swim Lake Ontario, in just under 21 hours.

The Yonge St subway line – the first subway system in Canada – begins operations between Eglinton Ave and Union Station in Toronto.

1954

1956

Collège de Thetford

Lester B Pearson proposes a successful resolution to the Suez Crisis, establishing the first United Nations Peace-Keeping Force.

A bill to create the TransCanada pipeline is presented to the House of Commons, sparking great debate.

Farley Mowat publishes his classic children’s novel, Lost in the Barrens.

1956

1957

Lethbridge College

Canada and the United States sign the NORAD agreement, creating a joint organization to protect air sovereignty in North America.

The Canada Council is established to foster development on the Canadian art scene.

The Parliament of Canada fixes the date of Thanksgiving – to be observed on the 2nd Monday in October.

1957

1958

The Michener Institute of Education at UHN
Collège de Matane

Controversial Canadian aircraft, the Avro Arrow, takes its first flight.

Ellen Fairclough becomes Canada’s first female federal cabinet minister.

The Lost Villages of Ontario are permanently flooded in order to complete the Saint Lawrence Seaway.

1958

1959

Collège LaSalle

Georges Vanier becomes the first French Canadian Governor General.

Joseph-Armand Bombardier’s first snowmobile, the Ski-Doo, goes on sale.

Mordecai Richler‘s fourth novel, The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, is published.

1959

1960

British Columbia Institute of Technology

The Canadian Bill of Rights is enacted by parliament, becoming the first federal protection of human rights in Canada.

First Nations people are granted the right to vote without losing their treaty status.

Jean Lesage is elected in Québec’s provincial elections, beginning a period of social change known as The Quiet Revolution.

1961

Assiniboine Community College

Prime Minister Diefenbaker delivers his anti-apartheid speech, leading South Africa to withdraw from the Commonwealth.

Margaret Atwood publishers her first collection of poems, Double Persephone.

Queen Elizabeth II calls Prime Minister Diefenbaker, officially launching the transatlantic telephone link between Canada and Britain.

1961

1962

Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT)

Canada launches Alouette 1 into orbit, becoming the third country to manufacture and launch a satellite – after the United States and the Soviet Union.

The Trans-Canada Highway officially opens to traffic, although much is still unpaved.

The Shaw Festival is founded to develop theatre arts in Canada.

1963

Okanagan College

The FLQ carries out its first wave of attacks to bring about the liberation of Québec.

Leonard Braithwaite becomes the first African-Canadian elected to provincial legislature in Canada.

1964

Marine Institute
Red Deer College

Tim Horton’s opens its first store in Hamilton.

Canada begins issuing Social Insurance Numbers for the purposes of administering various employment insurance programs.

Northern Dancer becomes the first Canadian horse to win the Kentucky Derby.

1964

1965

Bow Valley College
Cégep Marie-Victorin
Keyano College
Medicine Hat College
NorQuest College
Sault College
Vancouver Community College

By royal proclamation, Canada adopts the Maple Leaf flag as its official ensign.

Trans-Canada airlines is renamed Air Canada.

1965

1966

Centennial College
Grande Prairie Regional College
Mohawk College
North West College
Parkland College
Selkirk College

The Montreal Metro opens.

Potato Breeder Gary Johnston invents the famous Yukon Gold potato at Ontario Agricultural College.

1966

1967

Canada celebrates its centennial!

The Ontario College system is established.

Expo 67 opens in Montreal, gaining international recognition with a worldwide colour broadcast.

The Order of Canada is established to recognize the outstanding merit or distinguished service of Canadians.

French President Charles de Gaulle delivers his controversial “Vive le Québec libre” speech.

The National Library of Canada and the National Museum of Science and Technology open in Ottawa.

Colleges that opened in 1967

  • Algonquin College
  • Cambrian College of Applied Arts and Technology
  • Canadore College of Applied Arts and Technology
  • Cégep de Chicoutimi
  • Cégep de Jonquière
  • Cégep de l’Abitibi-Témiscamingue
  • Cégep de la Gaspésie et des Îles
  • Cégep de La Pocatière
  • Cégep de Sainte-Foy
  • Cégep de Sherbrooke
  • Cégep de Victoriaville
  • Cégep Édouard-Montpetit
  • Cégep de Garneau
  • Cégep Limoilou
  • Cégep régional de Lanaudière
  • Collège Ahuntsic
  • Collège Lionel-Groulx
  • Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning
  • Confederation College
  • Durham College
  • Fanshawe College of Applied Arts and Technology
  • Fleming College
  • George Brown College
  • Georgian College of Applied Arts and Technology
  • Humber College Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning
  • Lambton College of Applied Arts and Technology
  • Loyalist College
  • Native Education College
  • Niagara College
  • Northern College
  • Seneca College
  • St. Clair College
  • St. Lawrence College

1968

Capilano University
Cégep de Trois-Rivières
Cégep du Vieux Montréal
Cégep Saint-Jean-sur Richelieu
Collège Shawinigan
Institut de tourisme et d’hôtellerie du Québec
Portage College

Canada participates in its first Paralympic Games in Tel Aviv, Israel, sending 22 Canadian wheelchair athletes to compete.

The national election debate between political leaders is televised for the first time between CBC/Radio-Canada and CTV.

The Honourable Lincoln Alexander becomes Canada’s first black Member of Parliament.

1968

1969

Cégep de Rivière-du-Loup
Collège Montmorency
College of New Caledonia
Holland College
Vancouver Island University

La Fédération des cégeps is established.

The Official Languages Act is passed, making English and French the official languages of Canada, and requiring all federal institutions to provide services in both languages.

Bill C-150 decriminalizes homosexual acts between men of consenting age, and legalizes abortion under certain conditions.

CIBC unveils Canada’s first ATM.

1970

Douglas College
Northlands College
Vanier College

The federal voting age is lowered to 18 from 21 through revision of the Canada Elections Act.

La Francophonie is established with Canada as a founding member.

Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act after members of the FLQ kidnap and murder Pierre Laporte.

1970

1971

Camosun College
Cégep de Saint-Félicien
Cégep John Abbott College
Champlain Regional College

The Liberal government establishes the Metric Commission to facilitate conversion of weights and measurements to the metric system.

Canada’s first gay rights demonstration takes place on Parliament Hill.

1971

1972

Colleges and Institutes Canada is formed as the Association of Community Colleges of Canada (ACCC)

Canada wins against the USSR in the Summit Series, cementing Canada’s dominance in international hockey competitions.

Discerning thieves make off with $3 million in art from the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, orchestrating the largest art heist in Canada’s history.

1972

1973

Carlton Trail College
Cégep André-Laurendeau
Great Plains College
New Brunswick Community College
Collège communautaire du Nouveau-Brunswick

The Association of Saskatchewan Colleges is established.

The Calder Case paves the way for future Indigenous land-claim negotiations with the federal government.

The RCMP celebrates its centennial year with a specially minted coin.

1973

1974

Cumberland College
University of the Fraser Valley

Canadians begin serving in the UNDOF peacekeeping mission in Syria.

RCMP begins accepting female applicants and trains its first female troop.

1974

1975

College of the Rockies
North Island College
Northern Lights College
Northwest Community College
Southeast College

The Trudeau government introduces wage and price controls in an attempt to fight rapidly increasing inflation.

Canada’s weather systems switch from Fahrenheit to Celsius.

The beaver is declared an official symbol of Canadian sovereignty by royal assent.

1976

Collège Éducacentre
Saskatchewan Indian Institute of Technologies (SIIT)

The House of Commons passes Bill C-84, abolishing the death penalty.

Toronto’s CN Tower opens as the world’s tallest freestanding structure.

Montreal becomes the first Canadian city to host the Olympic Games.

1976

1978

Justice Institute of British Columbia

Canada’s Immigration Act comes into effect, identifying categories for immigration and forward planning.

A Soviet satellite burns over the Northwest Territories, spreading radioactive debris and calling world-wide attention to nuclear-powered satellites.

1980

Cégep de Sept-Îles
Gabriel Dumont Insitute of Native Studies and Applied Research

Jeanne Sauvé is the first woman to be elected Speaker in the House of Commons.

Terry Fox begins his cross-Canada Marathon of Hope in St. John’s, Newfoundland.

“O Canada” is officially adopted as Canada’s national anthem.

1980

1981

Kwantlen Polytechnic University

The House of Commons votes to patriate the British North America Act, amending it to create Canada’s Constitution in 1982.

The Canadarm is first deployed from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Columbia.

The Post Office Department becomes federal Crown corporation Canada Post.

1981

1983

Nicola Valley Institute of Technology
Yukon College

The last segregated school in Canada, in Nova Scotia, is closed.

Dr Morgentaler opens illegal abortion clinics in Winnipeg and Toronto.

The July 1st national holiday changes its name from Dominion Day to Canada Day.

1985

First Nations Technical Institute
Manitoba Institute of Trades and Technology

Bill C-31 amends the Indian Act to reinstate those who had lost status through marriage.

The Canadian Red Cross begins testing blood donations for the presence of HIV antibodies.

1985

1988

Cégep Heritage College
Collège Acadie Î.-P.-É.
Nova Scotia Community College (NSCC)

The National Gallery of Canada opens the doors to its current building on Sussex Drive.

The Supreme Court of Canada strikes down existing abortion laws as unconstitutional.

Svend Robinson becomes Canada’s first Member of Parliament to come out as gay.

1988

1990

La Cité, Tav College

The Bloc Québecois is formed as a result of the failure of the Meech Lake Accord.

The Oka Crisis over land claims leads to the establishment of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples one year later.

A 20-year freeze on Québec tuition fees ends, prompting massive student protests across the province.

1992

Aurora College

Health Canada introduces a new Food Guide to Healthy Eating, taking into account that requirements vary from person to person.

Roberta Bondar becomes Canada’s first female astronaut in space.

1992

1994

Langara College

NAFTA, signed by Canada, the United States, and Mexico, creates the largest free trade region in the world.

The Canadian Wheelchair Basketball Association (CWBA) is founded.

1994

1995

Collège Boréal
Nunavut Arctic College

The Canadian Space Agency launches RADARSAT-1, Canada’s first earth-observation satellite.

Voters in Québec narrowly reject a second referendum on Québec sovereignty, voting to remain in Canada.

Ontario becomes the first province to allow same-sex couples to adopt.

1996

Centre for Nursing Studies

Black History Month is officially celebrated for the first time in Canada.

The Royal Canadian Mint introduces the 2-dollar coin, the “Toonie,” to replace the 2-dollar bill.

Canada celebrates its first National Aboriginal Day on June 21st, the summer solstice.

1997

College of the North Atlantic (CNA)

Canada hosts the signing of the Ottawa Treaty to ban landmines.

The Confederation Bridge opens to the public, linking Prince Edward Island to the mainland.

The Canadian Canoe Museum is established in Peterborough, Ontario.

1997

1998

The Atlantic Provinces Community College Consortium (APCCC) is established.

The Nisga’a Nation becomes the first band in British Columbia to sign a modern-day treaty with the provincial and federal governments.

A record-breaking ice storm leaves millions without power and prompts states of emergency to be declared across Eastern Ontario and Quebec.

1999

Collège Gérald-Godin
Northern Lakes College

Northern Inuit gain self-governance with the creation of Nunavut.

Julie Payette becomes the first Canadian to board the International Space Station.

Wayne Gretzky retires from hockey.

2002

BC Colleges is established.

The Supreme Court of Canada rules that prisoners serving more than two years cannot be denied their right to vote.

The Government of Canada signs an official declaration to designate May as Asian Heritage Month.

2004

University College of the North

Denys Arcand‘s Les Invasions barbares wins Canada’s first ever Oscar for Best Foreign Language film.

The term “double-double” is officially added to the Canadian Oxford Dictionary.

The Montreal Expos play their last game in Montreal before moving to Washington and changing their name.

2011

Collège nordique francophone

The census counts just under 33.5 million Canadians.

Canada ends its combat role in Afghanistan.

Newlyweds William and Kate make their first official trip to Canada as Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.

2011